47 Songs reflecting the traditional way of life of The Chukchi people and their natural environment, including the very unusual technique of 'throat singing'.
The Chukchi are an almost unknown minority of the Russian far north, living above the Arctic circle who are slowly disappearing, as are their neighbors, the 25 other people of this area. There are around 15,000 people. As most people leaving in the far north, either in Russia, Canada, or even Scandinavia, they are shamanistic people, leaving close to nature and their songs reflect that. And, as most of them, they sometimes accompany their songs only with a hand drum they call yarar.
The Chukchi, or Chukchee (Russian: Чукчи, sg. Чукча), are an indigenous people inhabiting the Chukchi Peninsula and the shores of the Chukchi Sea and the Bering Sea region of the Arctic Ocean within the Russian Federation. Ancient DNA and the New Science of the human past", by David Reich.
The Chukchi appeared in the tundra before the Christian era and called themselves the Luoraveti – real people. However, traditional life for the Chukchi was so difficult that death was not perceived as a tragedy. This, however, did not prevent the Chukchi from being excellent warriors and becoming the only people of Chukotka (where there are also small populations of Even, Yukaghir, Kerek and Eskimo people) that did not submit to Russian expansion in the 17th century. With the advent of the Soviet Union, which carried out policies of supporting and civilizing the indigenous peoples of the north, life for the Chukchis changed radically. They learned how to write and received an education, life expectancy grew and the death rate declined.
The very name Chukchi, real people, unequivocally implies that Chukchi put other peoples a step below them. At the same time you can only put other people a step lower in the North with fire and a spear. Twenty Chukchi will chase away fifty Koryaks. Objectives and Tactics of Chukchi Raids. In the North, the main thing of value is deer. In fact, Chukchi became in the 17-18thcenturies Russian competitors in the development of new areas in Chukotka. Deer herders from other tribes always movedin small groups, just a few yarangas. Chukchi gathered in groups and attacked yarangas at dawn. Part of Chukchi threw arcans (rope with a noose) on top of yarangas and tried to overturn them. The second part of Chukchi using sharp spears tried to pierce the second canopy of yarangas where everyone slept and kill them all. The third part of Chukchi, without delay, drove away deer herds.
Kerttula illuminates the interplay of Chukchi reindeer herders, Yup'ik sea mammal hunters, and European 'Newcomer' life i. .a Soviet-imposed village at the margin of tundra and se.Kerttula's ethnography of contemporary issues speaks with two voices. The tive voice details villagers and their lives. colonize the Russian Far East. Kerttula explains that relations among the groups have become tenuous since the breakup of the Soviet Union and the subsequent collapse of the local economy. She maintains that ethnic rivalries, not always expressions of ancient animosities, may be efforts toward mutual understanding during times of economic and social change.